This article explores the forgotten early teacher strikes in rural Iowa to reveal the conditions that led to the strikes, the teachers’ demands, and the results. This article argues that these strikes resulted in more equitable salaries and, in one case, improved working conditions.
Mayhem and Manslaughter in an Idyllic Setting: "John Barleycorn" at Howell School
Douglas Sturgeon, 14-22
Violence is the subject of much public debate, especially when a school is the scene of a murderous rampage. This article demonstrates that rural institutions like Howell School, Mason County, West Virginia, are not immune to murder and mayhem.
This article relates the various steps Bob Frenz took to research the history of Wisconsin’s Northwoods country schools. It should be especially useful to anyone interested in embarking on such an investigation.
WHAT WE KNOW AND DON'T KNOW ABOUT SMALL SCHOOLS: A VIEW FROM ATLANTIC CANADA
Michael Corbett, 38-52
One-room schools have not entirely disappeared from the educational landscape in Canada and the United States. The following article explores current international research on the effectiveness of small and large schools, the hotly contested trend to close small Atlantic Canadian schools, and efforts to preserve these schools as essential to the well being of rural communities
Twentieth Century Visual Education: Early American Schools and the SterEograph
Veronica I. Ent, 53-72
Around 1900, a new technological era began with the introduction of Visual Education, a teacher’s manual that explained how to use lantern-slides and stereographs for instructional purposes. This article explores the pedagogical foundations of stereo views in the classroom, methods for using stereographs, access and affordability of visual technologies, and the end of the early visual instruction movement in America.